Weaving Glossary

Awl – pointed tool similar to an ice pick, used to make and hold openings in the weaving.

Base – the bottom of the basket.

Braiding – like plaiting, but using 3 or more strands of similar material to form a long continuous wide braid.

Chase weave – a weave that allows a continuous spiral on an even number of warps using the plaited techniques and twining with two wefts. This called chasing, after the fact that the twining chases the plaited weft around the basket.

Coiling – a simple stitched method of weaving where a thin weaver element is used to stitch spiral circles of a single or multiple strands such as a bunch of grass.

Embrodery – A technique used to decorate twined baskets in which a third, colored weft element is woven around the outer wefts, so that they are not visible on the inside of the basket. The woven embroidered weaver slants in an opposite direction to the rest of the twining and is worked in as the twining is woven.

Hackling – pulling the rippled, retted, scutched through hackles to separate individual fibres and align them ready for spinning http://www.flickr.com/photos/simoncaplan/5238339323/. At this stage it’s called ‘tow‘, and is bound together (as shown in the terrible video) into a strick, which you can put on your linen distaff. http://www.flickr.com/photos/maco_nix/6052464563/

Plaiting – a woven basket or mat where the wefts and warps are both flat and of similar strength that appears to look like a checkerboard at its plainest.

Rim – top edge of a basket

Rippling – to take the seeds off the dried stems http://thelinenworks.blogspot.ca/2011/08/rippling-retting-scutching.html

Scutching – to break up the parts of the stems that don’t contain the bast fibres in a scutcher (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/scutch).

Spider – also known as a basket Base, used as a training tool to demonstrate the different methods of weaving.

Spoke – forms the foundation of baskets continuing up the sides. Also called warps.

Strand – a weaver with no warp. Several strands can be braided together to make a braid.

Twining – the oldest of all weaving techniques, employing two or more wefts that intertwine each other between warps.

Warp – also known as spokes, or the skeleton of the basket.

Weaver – also known as wefts.

Weft – a length of material which interlaces warps. Also used for lashing.


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